Please can I get documentation or some explanation of what each of the dash in “rw------” stand for? I know r is for read and w is for write. But what does the first dash to the last represent?
rw- user has read, write permission but no executable permission
--- group user rights, no read, write or executable right
--- other users no rights, no rwx
If you like to change permissions for your users you can follow this guide Linux File Permissions Tutorial: How to View and Change Permission
thanks @raju very helpful. But I see in some situation they put “r-------”. In most cases the first dash has r.
column 1 shows
- for files and
d for directories. so some may drop column 1 in the documentations. make your there are 3 permissions for each of user, group and others in this format — — —